This November 2016 Modern Health article looks at the fatalistic view many gun violence survivors and witnesses have and how it affects their lives and future behaviors.  This is especially true with children who are repeatedly exposed to violence.

The trauma surrounding exposure to gun violence is not disputed, especially among children. In 1995, the CDC reported that kids who had four or more adverse childhood experiences, such as experiencing or witnessing a shooting, were more likely to smoke, drink, abuse drugs and engage in unsafe sex.

Source: Gun violence survivors and witnesses could face lifetime of trauma and bad health – Modern Healthcare Modern Healthcare business news, research, data and events